Needlework (Souzan Douzi) is an Iranian art which is one of the many handicrafts practiced in Iran and is very common among the people of Sistan and Baluchestan province in southeastern Iran. It is the art of drawing images on plain fabrics. In this style, colorful threads are gracefully woven into textile using very thin needles.
Needlework is one of the broadest traditional arts because of its variety. The primary signs of textile industry in Iran belong to an era which dates back to 4000 years before Christ. Needlework or Baluchi work among Baluch ethnics is a noble and rooted art that is mixed with the intimate nature of Baluch woman. In other words, it is the combination of specific, natural colors and calm role of nature that can be seen among Baluch women and girls as a delicate and historical art.
Designs used in Needlework’s on fabrics are the creation of Baluch women‘s mind and most of shapes applied in these designs are inspired by geometric designs and owners; which is created from a combination of simple regular gures. Needlework graphics which are learned from one generation to another, each has names and characteristics. Details of each design are also specified. In fact every small component has a shape and color and name which are all memorized by Baluch women.